By James M.
Unlike Donald Trump, FDR was a savior for the U.S during the Great Depression! Because Donald Trump seems to favor the rich while FDR provided programs to help the less fortunate. “The Great Depression (1929-39) was the deepest and longest-lasting economic downturn in the history of the Western industrialized world. In the United States, the Great Depression began soon after the stock market crash of October 1929, which sent Wall Street into a panic and wiped out millions of investors” (history.com). FDR wanted to make America great again during the Great Depression. He created programs to help create jobs and re-start the economy. At the time, it was necessary for FDR to take control and expand the government because the nation was going through hard economic times. But how much much control should the government have in the lives of its citizens? The government should have enough power in order to help children and secure the nation through Social Security.
During the Great Depression, the government needed to step in to help children. For example, some children’s parents were migrant workers, so they moved all the time to look for work. These parents weren’t able to take care of their children. Some children did not have clean clothes and were unsanitary (Photograph A1). During the Great Depression, other children had to get their meals from school, especially young African Americans, because their parents couldn’t afford food because they didn’t have jobs (Photograph A2). One girl was so poor that she couldn’t go to school because she had no clothes. She wrote a letter to Eleanor Roosevelt, FDR’s wife, asking for clothes: “I am writing to you for some of your old soiled dresses if you have any. As I am a poor girl who has to stay out of school” (Letter from a thirteen year-old girl from Arkansas). Parents were either so poor because they were unemployed or they were so busy trying to find work that they were not able to meet their kids’ needs. The government needed to create programs to help kids by providing food and clothes.
FDR designed Social Security so that old people would retire, creating more jobs for young people. Social Security also provided pensions for young people so that when they get old, they will have resources to support themselves. President FDR gave a speech about the Social Security Act on August 1, 1935: “Today, a long-held hope is largely fulfilled. The civilization of the past 100 years, with its startling industrial changes changes has made life insecure. Young people have come to wonder what would happen to them in old age. The man with a job has wondered how long the job would last” (FDR’s Speech; Doc A). Social Security created pensions for people so that they would have money when they got older. Without Social Security to help them retire, old folks would have kept working, so there would have been fewer jobs for young people. This also helped older people, who had the young people to help lift them up.
The Government should have enough power to provide for the needs of its citizens through programs that support children and programs like Social Security. Some people might say that FDR had too much power because he bullied Japanese Americans by putting them in internment camps. Even though this was wrong, FDR still cared for America because he provided for children, provided for the unemployed, and provided for the elderly. Overall, FDR was a good president. It’s important to think about the balance of the power that the US government or president has because if the government has too much power, it can hurt its citizens. However, if the government has too little power, it won’t be able to take care of its citizens.